There are a number of obligations trainee lawyers (to find out more, see traineeship) have to fulfil during their traineeship. They are supervised in their day-to-day work by a supervisor (also known as a ‘master’). Trainees have to attend lectures (professional training), sit examinations and assist with second-line legal assistance.
‘B.U.B.A.’ stands for “certificate of competence to exercise the profession of lawyer” (“practice certificate” in English). This means that trainees do not obtain this certificate university (where they already studied for five years), but only afterwards.